Effectivity of E-Learning through Whatsapp as a Teaching Learning Tool


Sonia Gon
Alka Rawekar


Introduction: WhatsApp is a free messenger application that works across multiple platform and is being widely used among undergraduate students to send multimedia messages like photos, videos, audios along with simple text messages. Aims and Objectives: To assess the affectivity of social media like WhatsApp in delivering knowledge to 4th semester MBBS students and to compare the improvement of knowledge gain through e-learning and didactic lecture. Simultaneously, perception of learners about e-learning via WhatsApp will also be collated. Material and Methods: This prospective analytical interventional study was conducted in the department of Pathology from 01.02.2015 to 31.06.2015, on 4th semester MBBS students. Two groups of students were taught the same topics by two different T-L activities i.e., through WhatsApp and via didactic lectures. Assessment of knowledge was done by giving pre and post-test questionnaire of 20 marks for each topic. Perception of e-learning through WhatsApp was done by feedback form. Observation and Results: The post test results revealed that the learners with WhatsApp as a learning tool scored in the range of 5-20 marks while those with didactic lecture scored in the range of 3-17.5 marks and had an average of 11.6 and 11.9 score respectively. The two tailed t value between the two groups is 0.635 which is not statistically significant. Technical, educational and instructional advantages of teaching learning activity via WhatsApp out pars disadvantages. Facilitator’s availability and Learning anytime anywhere were top two advantages of learning through WhatsApp with 86.72% and 86.55% students agreeing to it. Message flooding, time consuming and eye strain were the other technical disadvantages observed in the present study with 63.23%, 75.28% and 68.53 students agreeing to it. Conclusion: Constant availability of facilitator and learning anytime anywhere has made WhatsApp a new and convenient tool for teaching learning activity. Though there is no significant difference between gain of knowledge from WhatsApp or didactic lectures, advantages (technical, educational or instructional) out pars the disadvantages. A few disadvantages, like message flooding and eyestrain can be overruled by making small groups and using mobiles with bigger screen. Enabling a Wi-Fi in the college campus can make its use cost effective.


How to Cite
Gon, S., & Rawekar, A. (2017). Effectivity of E-Learning through Whatsapp as a Teaching Learning Tool. MVP Journal of Medical Sciences, 19–25. https://doi.org/10.18311/mvpjms.v4i1.8454


  1. Lenhart A, Madden M, Macgill A, Smith A. Teens and social media. York Press; 2007.
  2. Fogg P. The 24-7 professor- what to do when home is just another word for the office. Chronicle of Higher Education.2010; 54 (21):12.
  3. Bere A. A comparative study of student experiences of ubiquitous learning via mobile devices and learner management systems at a South African university. Proceedings of the 14th Annual Conference on World Wide Web Applications; Durban. 2012.
  4. Shuler C. iLearn II: An analysis of the education category of the itunes app store. The Joan Ganz Cooney Center at Sesame Workshop; New York. 2012.
  5. Goodwin, et al. Use of tablet technology in the classroom.State of New South Wales (Australia): The NSW Curriculum and Learning Innovation Centre; 2012. Available from: www.clic.det.nsw.edu.au
  6. Marshall J. Learning with technology. Evidence that technology can, and does, support learning; 2002.
  7. Plana MGC, Escofet MIG, Figueras IT, Gimeno A, Appel C, Hopkins J. Improving learners’ reading skills through instant short messages: A sample study using WhatsApp. 4th World-CALL Conference; Glasgow. 2013 Jul 10-13.
  8. Amry AB. The impact of WhatsApp mobile social learning on the achievement and attitudes of female students compared with face to face learning in the classroom. European Scientific Journal. 2014; 10(22):116–36.
  9. Fischer Y. The Facebook is dead-long live WhatsApp. De Marker; 2013
  10. Church K, de Oliveira R. What’s up with WhatsApp? Comparing mobile instant messaging behaviors with traditional SMS. Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Human-computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services; 2013. p. 352–61.
  11. Rambe P, Chipunza C. Using mobile devices to leverage student access to collaboratively-generated resources: A case of WhatsApp instant messaging. South African University International Conference on Advanced Information and Technology for Education; 2013.
  12. Bansal T, Joshi D. A study of students’ experiences of mobile learning. Global Journal of Human-Social Science. 2014; 14(4).
  13. Jardat RM. Students’ attitudes and perceptions towards using m-learning for French Language Learning: A case study on Princess Nora University. International Journal of Learning Management Systems. 2014; 2(1):33–44.
  14. Bouhnik, D, Deshen M. WhatsApp goes to school: Mobile instant messaging between teachers and students. Journal of Information Technology Education: Research. 2014; 13:217–31.